India has an extensive network of inland waterways in the form of rivers, canals, backwaters and creeks. Of the total navigable length of 20,236 km, 17,980 km of the river and 2,256 km of canals can be used by mechanized crafts. Freight transportation by waterways is highly under-utilized in the country as compared to countries and regions like the United States, China and the European Union. National waterways of India are well in line to become the lifeline of the country. Not only will these serve the transportation obligations of our nation, but also will serve as recreational centers.
Ministry of Shipping, Govt. of India had directed IWAI to identify the viable waterways in India for their phased development. Accordingly, 106 new waterways were identified by IWAI and intimated to MoS. In this regard, National Waterways Act, 2016 was published in the Gazette of India, Extraordinary, Part II, Section I dated 26th March, 2016 as an Act No. 17 of 2016.
The State-wise details of new National Waterways are as under:-
|S.No.||State||No. of rivers / canal||Name of the River / Canal|
|1||Andhra Pradesh||2||Pennar and Tungabhadra|
|3||Assam||14||Aai, Barak, Beki, Dhansiri / Chathe, Dehing, Dikhu, Doyans, Gangadhar, Jinjiram, Kopili, Lohit, Puthimari, Subansiri and Tlwang (Dhaleswari)|
|4||Bihar||6||Gandak, Ghaghra, Karamnasa, Kosi, Punpun and Sone|
|6||Goa||6||Chapora, Cumberjua, Mandovi, Mapusa, Sal and Zuari|
|7||Gujarat||5||Jawai-Luni - Rann of Kutch, Mahi, Narmada, Sabarmati and Tapi|
|8||Haryana||2||Indira Gandhi Canal and Yamuna|
|9||Himachal Pradesh||3||Beas, Ravi and Sutlej|
|10||Jammu & Kashmir||4||Chenab, Indus, Jhelum and Ravi|
|11||Jharkhand||2||Kherkai and Subarnarekha|
|12||Karnataka||11||Bheema, Ghataprabha, Gurupur, Kabini, Kali, Malaprabha, Netravathi, Panchagangavali (Panchagangoli), Sharavati, Tungabhadra and Udayavara|